The largest nuclear fusion reactor in the world has been successfully launched into space by the European Space Agency and it’s pretty incredible. It has been delivered to the International Space Station (ISS) on board a SpaceX Dragon capsule.
How do we get energy?
There are many ways to get energy. One way is through nuclear fusion. Nuclear fusion is the process of combining two atoms to form one larger atom. This process releases a large amount of energy. For example, every time you watch an episode of Keeping Up With The Kardashians, that’s equivalent to about 1.3-kilowatt hours (kWh) or 689 joules (J). If we put that into perspective for how much electricity it would take to power your TV for an hour, 0.1 kWh = 6 Joules per second; 1 kWh = 3,600 J per second; 100 kWh = 36 million J per second (which is equivalent to the power of a typical lightning bolt); and 1,000 kWh = 36 billion J per second, which could power your TV for 9 years straight without any interruption!
Another way to look at it is that one gallon of gasoline generates about 46 kWh of electricity. So if you fill up your gas tank, you are able to generate enough energy to power your TV for four days without any interruption! Also, there are other alternative forms of getting energy such as nuclear fission. Nuclear fission occurs when a nucleus or an atom splits in two. This is usually referred to as a nuclear reaction and can be used with nuclear reactors and nuclear bombs.
There are many pros and cons to nuclear fission. The most significant pro is that it produces a lot of energy for us to use, and we do not have to wait long before it can be put into good use. Although, there are many cons associated with nuclear fission as well. Since you need heat to get energy from nuclear fission reactors, these types of power plants cannot provide power without being placed near water. Also, another con is that these plants create a risk for radiation poisoning or cancer since humans could get exposed when handling nuclear waste material or getting exposed to radiation in specific amounts over time.
What is nuclear fusion?
Nuclear fusion is the process of combining two atoms to form a new, heavier atom. This process releases energy and can be used to power everything from the sun to stars. The largest nuclear fusion reactor in the world is currently being built in France by an international consortium called ITER. With an initial budget of €5 billion, construction on ITER began in 2010 and it will not be completed until 2035 at the earliest. Currently, only one-third of its exterior has been completed because of budget constraints.
For decades, scientists have been trying to harness nuclear fusion as a clean and sustainable energy source. This is particularly important because fossil fuels—the most popular energy source in use today—contain carbon that contributes to global warming. Unfortunately, fusion reactors require so much funding and effort that they aren’t likely to be a viable power source until 2050 or later. Still, ITER represents an exciting step forward in fusion technology and will allow researchers to study what happens when hydrogen atoms are combined inside a magnetic containment field. ITER is set up similar to a doughnut with superconducting coils containing liquid lithium-6 at its centre where it will produce nuclear fusion reactions.
Inside the largest fusion reactor in the world
The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) is the largest nuclear fusion reactor in the world. ITER is a joint project of 35 nations with the goal of creating a working fusion reactor.
Fusion reactors work by using magnetic fields to confine the plasma, a superheated soup of ions, in a tight space. By confining and heating the plasma, the atoms fuse together, releasing energy.
ITER will be the first fusion reactor to produce net energy – meaning it will produce more energy than it consumes. When completed, ITER will be able to produce 500 megawatts of power for 50 seconds at a time.
To reach that point, ITER will need to be finished in 2021 and tested for several years. Once it’s fully operational, scientists expect ITER to produce 500 megawatts of power for 50 seconds at a time. There are only two other large-scale fusion projects being funded right now – one in France and one in California. What is the largest fusion reactor in the world?
The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) located near Aix-en-Provence, France, is the largest nuclear fusion reactor in the world. The idea behind ITER is to combine conventional fission nuclear plants with an additional process called fusion. Fission occurs when an atom’s nucleus splits into smaller parts and releases energy. Fusion occurs when two small nuclei come together under high heat and pressure to form a larger nucleus, which releases far more energy. What makes this so difficult to achieve is that most of the particles released during fission fly outwards quickly; whereas those released during fusion tend to go upwards instead.
Why is a huge amount of energy generated by fission? We know that certain substances, for example, uranium and plutonium, are converted into energy according to Einstein’s famous equation E=mc^2. This means that these substances have stored within them an enormous amount of potential energy. Inside such materials, there is constant motion, with many particles being converted into other types of particles – a process known as transmutation. All of these particles can then be released very quickly as they spread in all directions at close to the speed of light. This results in large amounts of energy being created, which can be used to heat water and generate electricity through steam turbines in much the same way as conventional power stations do at present.
Finally, harnessing nuclear fusion
After years of research and development, the largest nuclear fusion reactor in the world is now operational. This incredible feat of engineering is a major step forward in our quest to harness the power of nuclear fusion. What is the largest fusion in the world? Well, I hope you have time because this post will be going on for a while!
Fusion happens naturally as stars burn hydrogen into helium over billions of years—the sun uses this process to produce all its energy! But here on Earth, scientists must use incredibly high temperatures (up to 150 million degrees Celsius) and intense pressure (more than 100 billion times Earth’s atmospheric pressure) to create fusion. All we need is an electric current that produces enough heat (around 1 million degrees Celsius) to start the reaction by forcing together two atomic nuclei: hydrogen (H) and deuterium (D).
One particle from each nucleus combines, forming an atom of helium-3 plus one neutron plus one proton (+1 H+1 D→ +1 He+n+p). What’s more, there are no dangerous radioactive byproducts like with traditional nuclear fission reactions like what powers today’s reactors. Still, confused about what we’re doing? That’s okay!